Geology and geodesy in Ternopil
Ternopil is located on the river Seret in Western Ukraine. The terrain is mostly flat, with minor hills up to 349-356m. Through the town flow the tributaries of the Seret river, there are small bodies of water, and 1.5 km to the North-East is a large Ternopil rates.
the Geology of the site Ternopil presents Ternopil sedimentary rocks undulating loess plains within Podolsk upland on Neogene Foundation. Nizhneportovaya verhneuralskogo system tiers consist of sand, gravel and interbedded layers of gravel, reef limestones. Along rivers deposited sediments srednemirovoj system kompenskogo tier – marls, limestones, sandstones. Perhaps the development of karst processes is necessary to study the soil. the Ternopil Geodesy includes a number of papers on geodetic surveying, construction site, object of the research.
Along the river there are sand deposits of floodplain terraces. Outside floodplain terraces developed eluvial-deluvial deposits of loess dissected plains are sandy loam, light and middle loam with thickness of 7-15m, with the settling of up to 15cm. In place of drilling to a depth of 6.5 m deposited soil yellow-brown loam, firm with construction waste. To clarify the location of the proposed facility is necessary removal of the borders of Ternopil.
the Depth of the first from the surface aquifer from 10 to 15m. The site is not classified as potentially flooded, but during heavy rains groundwater level may rise a meter or higher. Also there could be a deterioration due to the wetting properties lesopozharnyh rocks. The plot works according to the scheme of hydrogeological zoning is located within the Volyn-Podolsk artesian basin.
topographical Survey Ternopil is to capture terrain features and the location of different housing, outbuildings and communications.
Groundwater in Ternopil pressure, thermal, hydrogen sulfide concentration of hydrogen sulfide from 10 to 50 g/l during periods of heavy rains in the city known cases of collapse of buildings and failure of soil on the roads due to flooding. As a result of intensive construction of water may rise under the foundations, properties of soils begin to deteriorate and the soil may start to fail.
the Geology of the site Ternopil is characterized by complex engineering-geological conditions – approximately 2 category because of the wide development of bulk soils and unreliable seasonal development of the process of flooding. The depth of frozen clays and loams - 0.8 m.
At the site of drilling to a depth of 6.5 metres spread soil. Without prior training, they are not recommended for construction. Under the base of the foundations of setting up "pillows" (blast furnace slag, crushed volcanic rocks). Properties of bulk soils can be improved by tamping, compacting, vibration methods. Use methods of dewatering, arrange dren. Used and chemical methods – resin, silicatization, the use of different solutions.
topographical map of Ternopil can be included in the engineering-geological investigations. It can also be ordered for other types of research when you need to get on toplane features building elevation, building site, location of various communications. So there is a chance of flooding – it is necessary to project the waterproofing and drainage of atmospheric waters in the stormwater network. Also the design needs to use the features of the slope topography to drain water. On the processed results of geological studies of the jobsite designers select the method, features of construction, materials used. Also the place where will be located the building. After the design is the removal of the borders of Ternopil and begins construction.
the Company LLC "Guild Engineering" will help you to collect, study all the necessary data for reliable construction of your home, cottage.